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Brief Funct Genomic Proteomic. 2006 Mar;5(1):37-42. Epub 2006 Feb 20.

A-to-I editing of the 5HT2C receptor and behaviour.

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  • 1Eleanor Roosevelt Institute at the University of Denver, 1899 Gaylord Street, Denver, CO 80206, USA. kgardine@du.edu

Abstract

Site-specific deamination of five adenosine residues in the pre-mRNA of the serotonin 2C receptor, 5HT2CR, alters the amino acid sequence of the encoded protein. Such RNA editing can produce 32 mRNA variants, encoding 24 protein isoforms that vary in biochemical and pharmacological properties. Because serotonin functions in the regulation of mood and behaviour, modulation of serotonin signalling by RNA editing may be relevant to such psychiatric disorders as anxiety and depression. Several recent human studies have reported changes in 5HT2CR editing in schizophrenia, major depression or suicide, but results are variable and not conclusive. Rodent studies have begun to examine effects of drug treatments and stress. Understanding the importance of 5HT2CR editing in mood and behaviour will be assisted by experiments designed to analyse multiple strains of mice, in different behavioural tests, with optimal evaluation of the time course of molecular changes.

PMID:
16769676
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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