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Calcif Tissue Int. 2002 Apr;70(4):339-46. Epub 2002 Apr 3.

A role for cell-surface CSF-1 in osteoblast-mediated osteoclastogenesis.

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  • 1Section of Comparative Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.

Abstract

CSF-1 is required for osteoblast-mediated osteoclast formation. Osteoblasts produce soluble (sCSF-1) and cell-surface forms of CSF-1 (also known as membrane-bound CSF-1, mCSF-1) but their individual contributions to osteoclastogenesis remain unclear. Using glutaraldehyde-fixed primary murine osteoblasts as a source of mCSF-1, osteoblasts from op/op mice as a source for other osteoblast-derived osteoclastogenic factors and murine bone marrow as a source of osteoclast progenitors, osteoclast-like cells (OCL) formation was observed after 7-9 days of co-culture. In contrast, no OCL formation occurred when mCSF-1 expressed by primary murine osteoblasts was blocked by CSF-1 antibody pretreatment or when op/op osteoblasts were substituted for primary murine osteoblasts in the co-culture system. Osteoclast formation was also significantly inhibited when murine primary osteoblasts were pretreated with an antisense phosphorothioate oligonucleotide against mCSF-1. Finally, mCSF-1 and sCSF-1 were synergistic in stimulating OCL formation. These data support the conclusion that mCSF-1 plays an important role in osteoblast-mediated osteoclastogenesis within the bone microenvironment.

PMID:
12004339
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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