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Transfusion. 2001 Jul;41(7):940-9.

Ex vivo evaluation of PBMNCs collected with a new cell separator.

Author information

  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06504, USA. edward.snyder@yale.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study reports on an evaluation of the ability of a cell separator (Amicus, Baxter Healthcare) and the integral MNC computer software program to collect a variety of MNC subsets. The collection efficiency (CE) of the Amicus for these MNC subsets was compared to that of another cell separator (CS-3000 Plus, Baxter). The collected MNCs were also assayed ex vivo to determine if these cells remained functional.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

Healthy volunteer blood donors were recruited to provide PBMNCs for the isolation of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD19+, NK, and gammadelta+ cells and monocytes. Cells were collected with an Amicus (test arm; n = 16) or a CS-3000 Plus (control arm; n = 11) cell separator. Cells were counted on a flow cytometer and CEs were calculated. For functional studies, the Amicus-collected MNC data were compared to CS-3000 Plus historical data. Functional studies performed included surface antigen expression assays (CD8+), proliferation assays (CD4+ and CD8+ cells), NK cytotoxicity assays for K562 and HUVE cells, and E-selectin induction on endothelial cells through NK+ contact dependency. Dendritic cells (DCs) were generated from CD34+ cells collected on the Amicus, positively selected by the use of antibody-bound, magnetic bead technology, and then cultured ex vivo with a combination of growth factors to generate the DCs.

RESULTS:

CEs were higher on the Amicus than on the CS-3000 Plus for CD3+ (68 vs. 54%), CD4+ (70 vs. 56%), CD8+ (68 vs. 52%), and CD19+ (60 vs. 48%) cells (p<0.05). For the two separators, CEs were equivalent for monocytes, NK+, and gammadelta+ cells. The Amicus separator collected significantly fewer platelets than did the CS-3000 Plus (p<0.00001). CD4+, CD8+, and NK cells proliferated normally. NK cells appropriately stimulated E-selectin expression on endothelial cells. Culture-generated DCs obtained by using Amicus-collected CD34+ cells expressed appropriate cell surface markers.

CONCLUSION:

The Amicus separator is acceptable for the collection of PBMNC subsets. The device collects CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, and CD19+ T- and B-cell subsets with greater efficiency and collects MNCs with significantly fewer contaminating platelets than does the CS-3000 Plus. Cells collected on the Amicus are suitable for use in a variety of research and clinical immunobiologic studies.

PMID:
11452164
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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