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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Oct;41(11):3576-81.

Elevation of vitreous leptin in diabetic retinopathy and retinal detachment.

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  • 1Departments of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8061, USA. ray.gariano@yale.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Leptin is a cytokine that regulates energy metabolism and is linked to diabetes mellitus through its metabolic actions. Leptin is angiogenic and promotes wound healing, and therefore this investigation was conducted to determine whether leptin is associated with neovascular and fibrotic complications of diabetes and other retinopathies.

METHODS:

Serum and vitreous samples were collected from patients classified by the presence and type of diabetic retinopathy or other ocular diseases. Leptin was measured in serum and vitreous by radioimmunoassay, and leptin and leptin receptor were localized in epiretinal membranes immunohistochemically.

RESULTS:

Leptin levels in serum and vitreous were higher in patients with diabetes than in those without, and vitreous leptin concentrations were especially elevated in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy or retinal detachment. Leptin and leptin receptor were detected in fibrovascular epiretinal membrane of patients with diabetes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Leptin in human vitreous is elevated in proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and retinal detachment and is present in fibrovascular epiretinal tissue. These data suggest an involvement of leptin in retinal disease.

PMID:
11006255
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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