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Yale J Biol Med. 1998 Sep-Oct;71(5):355-65.

Peripheral blood progenitor cell cycle kinetics following priming with pIXY321 in patients treated with the "ICE" regimen.

Author information

  • 1Yale University School of Medicine and the Yale Cancer Center, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA. j.murren@yale.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Treatment with hematopoietic growth factors increases the percentage of hematopoietic progenitor cells in cell cycle. Following withdrawal of certain growth factors, preclinical data suggest that there is a transient fall in the percentage of progenitor cells in cycle below the baseline, thus providing a window to administer chemotherapy with reduced risk of myelotoxicity.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients with histologically confirmed, previously untreated neoplasia, were treated with pIXY321 by subcutaneous injection at a dose of 375 microg/m2 twice daily (total dose 750 microg/m2/day) for seven days (days -8 to -2), followed by a two-day rest (days -1 to 0). Patients received ICE (ifosfamide, carboplatin and etoposide) on days 1 to 3. On day 4, pIXY321 was resumed until hematologic recovery. Peripheral blood was collected on days -8, -2, -1, 1, and cell cycle distribution was determined using flow cytometry.

RESULTS:

Twenty patients were treated in this study and received a total of 54 cycles. Partial responses were observed in three of 13 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (23 percent) and two of five patients with small cell lung cancer (40 percent). Six of 15 patients had an increased number of cells in S+G2/M on day 1 of ICE following seven days of pIXY321 and two days off (days -1 to 0). The average increase was 63 percent (range 6-253). Seven patients had a decreased number of cells in S+G2/M. The average decrease was 55 percent (range 6.3-78). There were no significant differences among the fifteen patients with regards to the observed toxicity of the chemotherapy.

DISCUSSION:

pIXY321 in this schedule did not consistently decrease the percentage of cycling progenitor cells in the peripheral blood. Future studies should define whether other growth factors and/or schedules can synchronize progenitor cell cycling and protect the marrow compartment from cycle specific chemotherapy.

PMID:
10527363
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2578930
Free PMC Article
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