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Virology. 1999 May 10;257(2):314-21.

HTLV-I-infected T cells evade the antiproliferative action of IFN-beta.

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  • 1Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-infected T-cell clones enter the S-phase of the cell cycle in the absence of exogenous IL-2. The pathway by which HTLV-I activates the host T cell may circumvent normal immunoregulatory mechanisms and thus be important for the pathogenesis of HTLV-I-induced diseases. The early control of viral infections is in part mediated by interferons (IFNs), which possess both antiviral and antiproliferative functions. In order to investigate the antiproliferative effect of IFN-beta on HTLV-I-induced T-cell activation, we generated T-cell clones from patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis by single-cell cloning under limiting dilution conditions. Here we demonstrate that HTLV-I-induced T-cell proliferation is resistant to the antiproliferative action of IFN-beta. Moreover, HTLV-I-infected T-cell clones continue to constitutively secrete IFN-gamma in the presence of high doses of IFN-beta. HTLV-I-infected T cells express normal levels of IFNAR1 and are able to respond to IFN-beta by phosphorylation of STAT1 on Tyr701, although they display a relative increase in phosphorylation of the transcriptionally inactive STAT1beta when compared with STAT1alpha. Thus, HTLV-I promotes cell cycle progression in G1 by a mechanism that overcomes inhibitory signals, thereby circumventing an innate immune defense mechanism.

Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

PMID:
10329542
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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