Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2010 Nov 3;7:79. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-79.

The relative influence of demographic, individual, social, and environmental factors on physical activity among boys and girls.

Author information

  • 1Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, 3800 N, Interstate Avenue, Portland, OR, 97227, USA. carrie.d.patnode@kpchr.org.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study aimed to evaluate the associations of selected demographic, individual, social, and environmental factors with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a sample of children and adolescents.

METHODS:

MVPA was assessed among youth (n = 294) 10-17-years-old using the ActiGraph accelerometer. Youth completed measures of demographic and individual variables related to physical activity (PA), perceived social support by parents and peers, and perceived neighborhood characteristics. Parents completed the long-form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. The Physical Activity and Media Inventory was used to measure the home environment and Geographical Information Systems software was used to measure the physical neighborhood environment. Bivariate correlations and hierarchical multiple regression were conducted stratified by gender.

RESULTS:

Boys participated in significantly more MVPA than girls. In hierarchical analyses, peer support, home PA equipment, and temperature were significantly associated with MVPA among boys whereas distance to the school they attended was associated with MVPA among girls. The final models accounted for 25% and 15% of the variance in MVPA among boys and girls, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Important differences exist among the individual, social, and environmental factors related to MVPA between boys and girls. Boys' levels of activity appear to be influenced by factors closely linked to unstructured and social types of activities whereas girls' activities relate to internal and external barriers as well as their proximity to their schools. The prospective contribution of these important individual, social, and environmental factors to changes in MVPA among children and adolescents remains to be determined.

PMID:
21047429
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC2991277
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk