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Neuro Oncol. 2013 May;15(5):607-17. doi: 10.1093/neuonc/nos334. Epub 2013 Feb 7.

Survival analysis in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma using pre- and postradiotherapy MR spectroscopic imaging.

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  • 1Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.



The objective of this study was to examine the predictive value of parameters of 3D (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) prior to treatment with radiation/chemotherapy (baseline) and at a postradiation 2-month follow-up (F2mo) in relationship to 6-month progression-free survival (PFS6) and overall survival (OS).


Sixty-four patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) being treated with radiation and concurrent chemotherapy were involved in this study. Evaluated were metabolite indices and metabolite ratios. Logistic linear regression and Cox proportional hazards models were utilized to evaluate PFS6 and OS, respectively. These analyses were adjusted by age and MR scanner field strength (1.5 T or 3 T). Stepwise regression was performed to determine a subset of the most relevant variables.


Associated with shorter PFS6 were a decrease in the ratio of N-acetyl aspartate to choline-containing compounds (NAA/Cho) in the region with a Cho-to-NAA index (CNI) >3 at baseline and an increase of the CNI within elevated CNI regions (>2) at F2mo. Patients with higher normalized lipid and lactate at either time point had significantly worse OS. Patients who had larger volumes with abnormal CNI at F2mo had worse PFS6 and OS.


Our study found more 3D MRSI parameters that predicted PFS6 and OS for patients with GBM than did anatomic, diffusion, or perfusion imaging, which were previously evaluated in the same population of patients.

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