Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

Related Articles by Review for PubMed (Select 21114457)

See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Pediatr Obes. 2011 Jun;6(2-2):e423-32. doi: 10.3109/17477166.2010.526221. Epub 2010 Nov 30.

Is obesity associated with emotional and behavioural problems in children? Findings from the Millennium Cohort Study.

Author information

  • 1MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK. l.griffiths@ich.ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We examined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between obesity and emotional and behavioural problems in a nationally representative sample of young children.

METHODS:

Data were available from 11 202 children (50% boys) participating in the UK's Millennium Cohort Study. Height and weight were measured at 3 and 5 years and children defined as obese using IOTF cut-offs for body mass index (BMI). Emotional and behavioural problems were parentally assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Adjusted linear and multinomial regression analyses were conducted separately for boys and girls.

RESULTS:

At age 3, obese boys had more conduct problems, and obese girls had more prosocial behaviours, than their normal weight counterparts. At age 5, obese boys had more conduct problems, hyperactivity and inattention problems, peer relationship problems and total difficulties. Obese girls only had more peer relationship problems. Obese 3-year-olds were not at increased risk of abnormal scores; in contrast, obese 5-year-old boys were significantly more likely to have abnormal scores for conduct problems, hyperactivity and inattention problems, peer relationship problems, prosocial behaviours and total difficulties. Obesity, at age 3, was also predictive of peer relationship problems at age 5 in boys (95% CI: 0.26 [0.01, 0.52]).

CONCLUSIONS:

Childhood obesity is associated with emotional and behavioural problems from a very young age. Obese boys are at particular risk. Further research is required to examine effect modifiers and mediating factors in these associations. Recognition and response to these mental health problems should be a goal of pediatric obesity interventions and policies.

PMID:
21114457
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3465802
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Informa Healthcare Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk