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Opt Lett. 2009 Mar 15;34(6):728-30.

Broadband omnidirectional antireflection coatings optimized by genetic algorithm.

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  • 1Department of Physics, Applied Physics, and Astronomy, Future Chips Constellation, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, USA.


An optimized graded-refractive-index (GRIN) antireflection (AR) coating with broadband and omnidirectional characteristics--as desired for solar cell applications--designed by a genetic algorithm is presented. The optimized three-layer GRIN AR coating consists of a dense TiO2 and two nanoporous SiO2 layers fabricated using oblique-angle deposition. The normal incidence reflectance of the three-layer GRIN AR coating averaged between 400 and 700 nm is 3.9%, which is 37% lower than that of a conventional single-layer Si3N4 coating. Furthermore, measured reflection over the 410-740 nm range and wide incident angles 40 degrees -80 degrees is reduced by 73% in comparison with the single-layer Si3N4 coating, clearly showing enhanced omnidirectionality and broadband characteristics of the optimized three-layer GRIN AR coating.

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