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Langmuir. 2006 Oct 24;22(22):9403-8.

Pretilt angle of liquid crystals and liquid-crystal alignment on microgrooved polyimide surfaces fabricated by soft embossing method.

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  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan.


In this study, the soft embossing method is proposed to fabricate periodical microgrooved structure on polyimide surfaces. These microgrooved polyimide surfaces are assembled to form liquid-crystal cells. It is found that the director of liquid crystals uniformly aligns along the groove direction even when the groove width is as high as 3 microm. The anchoring energy of these microgrooved polyimide surfaces is higher than that of the typical rubbed surfaces. The pretilt angle of liquid crystals is adjusted by tuning the surface polarity of the polyimide alignment layer, which is identified by the advancing contact angle of water. The surface polarity of polyimide alignment layers is manipulated by simply mixing two kinds of polyimide: a more hydrophilic one and a more hydrophobic one. It is found that the pretilt angle of liquid crystals increases along with the advancing contact angle of water on the alignment layer under the condition of a fixed surface topography.

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