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Int J Biol Macromol. 2012 Jun 1;50(5):1212-23. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2012.03.004. Epub 2012 Mar 23.

Building block organisation of clusters in amylopectin from different structural types.

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  • 1Department of Food Science, Uppsala BioCenter, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

Clusters of chains consisting of tightly branched units of building blocks were isolated from 10 amylopectin samples possessing the 4 types of amylopectin with different internal unit chain profiles previously described. It was shown that clusters in types 1 and 2 amylopectins are larger than in types 3 and 4, but the average cluster size did not correspond to the ratio of short to long chains of the amylopectins. The size-distribution of the building blocks, having one or several branches, possessed generally only small differences between samples. However, the length of the interblock segments followed the type of amylopectin structure, so that type 1 amylopectins had shortest and type 4 the longest segments. The chains in the clusters were divided into characteristic groups probably being involved in the interconnection of two, three, and four - or more - building blocks. Long chains were typically found in high amounts in clusters from type 4 amylopectins, however, all cluster samples contained long chains. The results are discussed in terms of the building block structure of amylopectin, in which the blocks together with the interblock segments participate in a branched backbone building up the amorphous lamellae inside growth rings of the starch granules. In such a model, amylopectins with proportionally less long chains (types 1 and 2) possess a more extensively branched backbone compared to those with more long chains (types 3 and 4).

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22465108
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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