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  • PMID: 21610530 was deleted because it is a duplicate of PMID: 22439211
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J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 Feb;72(2):467-72.

Impact of isolated acetabular and lower extremity fractures on long-term outcome.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, University of Aachen Medical Center, Pauwelstrasse 30, Aachen, Germany. rpfeifer@ukaachen.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The long-term clinical status of surviving patients with multiple injuries has not been well described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of acetabular and lower limb injuries.

METHODS:

Patients treated at a Level I trauma center at least 10 years before participation in this study were invited for a follow-up physical examination. Six hundred thirty-seven patients were examined. Inclusion criteria are as follows: Injury Severity Score ≥16 Points;treatment in a Level I trauma center; and injuries of the lower limb: fractures of the acetabulum, proximal femur, femoral shaft,knee joint, and tibial shaft. Exclusion criteria are as follows: incomplete follow-up examination, amputations, ankle and foot fractures, and patients older than 60 years and younger than 3 years. The follow-up examination included the following parameters:range of motion, pain, limping, successful rehabilitation, and outcome scores.

RESULTS:

Of 525 patients with fractures of the acetabulum and lower limb, 229 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Mean age: 24.9 (range,3–60) years; Injury Severity Score: 19.66 (range, 16–43). The most frequent rates of ongoing local pain were stated by patients with fractures of the acetabulum (50%) and the proximal femur (45%). Moreover, the incidence of abnormal gait was significantly lower in patients with femoral shaft fractures when compared with the patients with fractures of the acetabulum (3.7% vs. 35%;p 0.0001), proximal femur (3.7% vs. 20%; p≤ 0.006), and tibial shaft (3.7% vs. 14.7%; p = 0.023).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results demonstrate a better long-term outcome in patients with femur shaft fractures, whereas patients with articular fractures and proximal femur fractures were associated with poorer outcomes. Fracture location is determining factor for long-term outcome

Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

PMID:
22439211
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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