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Cervicovaginal shedding of HIV type 1 is related to genital tract inflammation independent of changes in vaginal microbiota.

Mitchell C, Hitti J, Paul K, Agnew K, Cohn SE, Luque AE, Coombs R.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2011 Jan;27(1):35-9. doi: 10.1089/aid.2010.0129. Epub 2010 Oct 7.


Female genital-tract HIV load correlates inversely with Lactobacillus species but positively with bacterial vaginosis and Mycoplasma hominis.

Sha BE, Zariffard MR, Wang QJ, Chen HY, Bremer J, Cohen MH, Spear GT.

J Infect Dis. 2005 Jan 1;191(1):25-32. Epub 2004 Dec 2.


Association of plasma viremia with HIV-1 RNA levels in cervicovaginal lavage secretions in HIV-1 seropositive ART naïve women from Pune, India.

Khopkar P, Sane S, Bichare S, Verma A, Kulkarni S.

J Clin Virol. 2013 Dec;58(4):730-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2013.10.018. Epub 2013 Oct 25.


Correlates of human immunodeficiency virus cervicovaginal shedding among postmenopausal and fertile-aged women.

Melo KC, Melo MR, Ricci BV, Segurado AC.

Menopause. 2012 Feb;19(2):150-6. doi: 10.1097/gme.0b013e3182288b0e.


Plasma and mucosal HIV viral loads are associated with genital tract inflammation in HIV-infected women.

Herold BC, Keller MJ, Shi Q, Hoover DR, Carpenter CA, Huber A, Parikh UM, Agnew KJ, Minkoff H, Colie C, Nowicki MJ, DʼSouza G, Watts DH, Anastos K.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Aug 1;63(4):485-93. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3182961cfc.


Cervicovaginal HIV-1 and herpes simplex virus type 2 shedding during genital ulcer disease episodes.

LeGoff J, Weiss HA, Gresenguet G, Nzambi K, Frost E, Hayes RJ, Mabey DC, Malkin JE, Mayaud P, Belec L.

AIDS. 2007 Jul 31;21(12):1569-78.


Associations between genital tract infections, genital tract inflammation, and cervical cytobrush HIV-1 DNA in US versus Kenyan women.

Mitchell C, Balkus JE, McKernan-Mullin J, Cohn SE, Luque AE, Mwachari C, Cohen CR, Coombs R, Frenkel LM, Hitti J.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Feb 1;62(2):143-8. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e318274577d.


Human immunodeficiency virus in plasma and cervicovaginal secretions in Filipino women.

Natividad-Villanueva GU, Santiago E, Manalastas RM Jr, Brown HW, Ingersoll J, Caliendo AM, Mayer KH, Cu-Uvin S.

Int J STD AIDS. 2003 Dec;14(12):826-9.


Interaction between lactobacilli, bacterial vaginosis-associated bacteria, and HIV Type 1 RNA and DNA Genital shedding in U.S. and Kenyan women.

Mitchell C, Balkus JE, Fredricks D, Liu C, McKernan-Mullin J, Frenkel LM, Mwachari C, Luque A, Cohn SE, Cohen CR, Coombs R, Hitti J.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2013 Jan;29(1):13-9. doi: 10.1089/AID.2012.0187. Epub 2012 Nov 5.


Short communication: genital tumor growth factor-β1 levels in HIV-infected Indian women are associated with reduced levels of innate antimicrobial products and increased HIV shedding.

Thakar M, Patil R, Shukre S, Bichare S, Kadam P, Khopkar P, Ghate M, Paranjape R.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2014 Jul;30(7):648-53. doi: 10.1089/AID.2013.0030. Epub 2014 Mar 13.


Frequent detection of HIV-1 RNA but low rates of HIV-1 isolation in cervicovaginal secretions from infected women.

Saracino A, Di Stefano M, Fiore JR, Lepera A, Raimondi D, Angarano G, Pastore G.

New Microbiol. 2000 Jan;23(1):79-83.


Association between paired plasma and cervicovaginal lavage fluid HIV-1 RNA levels during 36 months.

Cu-Uvin S, Snyder B, Harwell JI, Hogan J, Chibwesha C, Hanley D, Ingersoll J, Kurpewski J, Mayer KH, Caliendo AM.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Aug 15;42(5):584-7.


The lower genital tract microbiota in relation to cytokine-, SLPI- and endotoxin levels: application of checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization (CDH).

Nikolaitchouk N, Andersch B, Falsen E, Strömbeck L, Mattsby-Baltzer I.

APMIS. 2008 Apr;116(4):263-77. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0463.2008.00808.x.


A menstrual cycle pattern for cytokine levels exists in HIV-positive women: implication for HIV vaginal and plasma shedding.

Al-Harthi L, Kovacs A, Coombs RW, Reichelderfer PS, Wright DJ, Cohen MH, Cohn J, Cu-Uvin S, Watts H, Lewis S, Beckner S, Landay A; WHS 001 Study Team.

AIDS. 2001 Aug 17;15(12):1535-43.


Correlates of HIV-1 genital shedding in Tanzanian women.

Tanton C, Weiss HA, Le Goff J, Changalucha J, Rusizoka M, Baisley K, Everett D, Ross DA, Belec L, Hayes RJ, Watson-Jones D.

PLoS One. 2011 Mar 1;6(3):e17480. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017480.


Evaluation of immunologic markers in cervicovaginal fluid of HIV-infected and uninfected women: implications for the immunologic response to HIV in the female genital tract.

Sha BE, D'Amico RD, Landay AL, Spear GT, Massad LS, Rydman RJ, Warner NA, Padnick J, Ackatz L, Charles LA, Benson CA.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1997 Nov 1;16(3):161-8.


Permissive and protective factors associated with presence, level, and longitudinal pattern of cervicovaginal HIV shedding.

Homans J, Christensen S, Stiller T, Wang CH, Mack W, Anastos K, Minkoff H, Young M, Greenblatt R, Cohen M, Strickler H, Karim R, Spencer LY, Operskalski E, Frederick T, Kovacs A.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 May 1;60(1):99-110. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e31824aeaaa. Erratum in: J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 Jul 1;60(3):e106.


HIV-DNA in the genital tract of women on long-term effective therapy is associated to residual viremia and previous AIDS-defining illnesses.

Prazuck T, Chaillon A, Avettand-Fènoël V, Caplan AL, Sayang C, Guigon A, Niang M, Barin F, Rouzioux C, Hocqueloux L.

PLoS One. 2013 Aug 21;8(8):e69686. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069686. eCollection 2013.


Presence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA in the genital tracts of HCV/HIV-1-coinfected women.

Nowicki MJ, Laskus T, Nikolopoulou G, Radkowski M, Wilkinson J, Du WB, Rakela J, Kovacs A.

J Infect Dis. 2005 Nov 1;192(9):1557-65. Epub 2005 Sep 29.


Bacterial vaginosis, not HIV, is primarily responsible for increased vaginal concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines.

Mitchell CM, Balkus J, Agnew KJ, Cohn S, Luque A, Lawler R, Coombs RW, Hitti JE.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2008 May;24(5):667-71. doi: 10.1089/aid.2008.0268.

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