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Antisense down-regulation of 4CL expression alters lignification, tree growth, and saccharification potential of field-grown poplar.

Voelker SL, Lachenbruch B, Meinzer FC, Jourdes M, Ki C, Patten AM, Davin LB, Lewis NG, Tuskan GA, Gunter L, Decker SR, Selig MJ, Sykes R, Himmel ME, Kitin P, Shevchenko O, Strauss SH.

Plant Physiol. 2010 Oct;154(2):874-86. doi: 10.1104/pp.110.159269. Epub 2010 Aug 20.


Reduced wood stiffness and strength, and altered stem form, in young antisense 4CL transgenic poplars with reduced lignin contents.

Voelker SL, Lachenbruch B, Meinzer FC, Strauss SH.

New Phytol. 2011 Mar;189(4):1096-109. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03572.x. Epub 2010 Dec 15.


Transgenic poplars with reduced lignin show impaired xylem conductivity, growth efficiency and survival.

Voelker SL, Lachenbruch B, Meinzer FC, Kitin P, Strauss SH.

Plant Cell Environ. 2011 Apr;34(4):655-68. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2010.02270.x. Epub 2011 Feb 11.


Enhanced expression of glutamine synthetase (GS1a) confers altered fibre and wood chemistry in field grown hybrid poplar (Populus tremula X alba) (717-1B4).

Coleman HD, Cánovas FM, Man H, Kirby EG, Mansfield SD.

Plant Biotechnol J. 2012 Sep;10(7):883-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7652.2012.00714.x. Epub 2012 Jun 2.


Repression of lignin biosynthesis promotes cellulose accumulation and growth in transgenic trees.

Hu WJ, Harding SA, Lung J, Popko JL, Ralph J, Stokke DD, Tsai CJ, Chiang VL.

Nat Biotechnol. 1999 Aug;17(8):808-12.


Chemical responses to modified lignin composition in tension wood of hybrid poplar (Populus tremula x Populus alba).

Al-Haddad JM, Kang KY, Mansfield SD, Telewski FW.

Tree Physiol. 2013 Apr;33(4):365-73. doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpt017. Epub 2013 Mar 19.


Suppression of 4-coumarate-CoA ligase in the coniferous gymnosperm Pinus radiata.

Wagner A, Donaldson L, Kim H, Phillips L, Flint H, Steward D, Torr K, Koch G, Schmitt U, Ralph J.

Plant Physiol. 2009 Jan;149(1):370-83. doi: 10.1104/pp.108.125765. Epub 2008 Oct 29.


Downregulation of cinnamoyl-coenzyme A reductase in poplar: multiple-level phenotyping reveals effects on cell wall polymer metabolism and structure.

Leplé JC, Dauwe R, Morreel K, Storme V, Lapierre C, Pollet B, Naumann A, Kang KY, Kim H, Ruel K, Lefèbvre A, Joseleau JP, Grima-Pettenati J, De Rycke R, Andersson-Gunnerås S, Erban A, Fehrle I, Petit-Conil M, Kopka J, Polle A, Messens E, Sundberg B, Mansfield SD, Ralph J, Pilate G, Boerjan W.

Plant Cell. 2007 Nov;19(11):3669-91. Epub 2007 Nov 16.


Silencing of 4-coumarate:coenzyme A ligase in switchgrass leads to reduced lignin content and improved fermentable sugar yields for biofuel production.

Xu B, Escamilla-Treviño LL, Sathitsuksanoh N, Shen Z, Shen H, Zhang YH, Dixon RA, Zhao B.

New Phytol. 2011 Nov;192(3):611-25. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03830.x. Epub 2011 Jul 25.


Tyloses and phenolic deposits in xylem vessels impede water transport in low-lignin transgenic poplars: a study by cryo-fluorescence microscopy.

Kitin P, Voelker SL, Meinzer FC, Beeckman H, Strauss SH, Lachenbruch B.

Plant Physiol. 2010 Oct;154(2):887-98. doi: 10.1104/pp.110.156224. Epub 2010 Jul 16.


Ultrastructure and mechanical properties of populus wood with reduced lignin content caused by transgenic down-regulation of cinnamate 4-hydroxylase.

Bjurhager I, Olsson AM, Zhang B, Gerber L, Kumar M, Berglund LA, Burgert I, Sundberg B, Salmén L.

Biomacromolecules. 2010 Sep 13;11(9):2359-65. doi: 10.1021/bm100487e.


Combinatorial modification of multiple lignin traits in trees through multigene cotransformation.

Li L, Zhou Y, Cheng X, Sun J, Marita JM, Ralph J, Chiang VL.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Apr 15;100(8):4939-44. Epub 2003 Mar 31.


Down-regulation of PoGT47C expression in poplar results in a reduced glucuronoxylan content and an increased wood digestibility by cellulase.

Lee C, Teng Q, Huang W, Zhong R, Ye ZH.

Plant Cell Physiol. 2009 Jun;50(6):1075-89. doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcp060. Epub 2009 Apr 23.


Sense-, antisense- and RNAi-4CL1 regulate soluble phenolic acids, cell wall components and growth in transgenic Populus tomentosa Carr.

Tian X, Xie J, Zhao Y, Lu H, Liu S, Qu L, Li J, Gai Y, Jiang X.

Plant Physiol Biochem. 2013 Apr;65:111-9. doi: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2013.01.010. Epub 2013 Jan 31.


Influence of over-expression of the Flowering Promoting Factor 1 gene (FPF1) from Arabidopsis on wood formation in hybrid poplar (Populus tremula L. × P. tremuloides Michx.).

Hoenicka H, Lautner S, Klingberg A, Koch G, El-Sherif F, Lehnhardt D, Zhang B, Burgert I, Odermatt J, Melzer S, Fromm J, Fladung M.

Planta. 2012 Feb;235(2):359-73. doi: 10.1007/s00425-011-1507-8. Epub 2011 Sep 10.


Rapid analysis of poplar lignin monomer composition by a streamlined thioacidolysis procedure and near-infrared reflectance-based prediction modeling.

Robinson AR, Mansfield SD.

Plant J. 2009 May;58(4):706-14. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-313X.2009.03808.x. Epub 2009 Jan 28.


Essential role of caffeoyl coenzyme A O-methyltransferase in lignin biosynthesis in woody poplar plants.

Zhong R, Morrison WH 3rd, Himmelsbach DS, Poole FL 2nd, Ye ZH.

Plant Physiol. 2000 Oct;124(2):563-78.


Effects of increased nitrogen supply on the lignification of poplar wood.

Pitre FE, Pollet B, Lafarguette F, Cooke JE, MacKay JJ, Lapierre C.

J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Dec 12;55(25):10306-14. Epub 2007 Nov 8.


Lignification in transgenic poplars with extremely reduced caffeic acid O-methyltransferase activity.

Jouanin L, Goujon T, de Nadaï V, Martin MT, Mila I, Vallet C, Pollet B, Yoshinaga A, Chabbert B, Petit-Conil M, Lapierre C.

Plant Physiol. 2000 Aug;123(4):1363-74.

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