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Items: 1 to 20 of 168

1.

Small amounts of zinc from zinc oxide particles in sunscreens applied outdoors are absorbed through human skin.

Gulson B, McCall M, Korsch M, Gomez L, Casey P, Oytam Y, Taylor A, McCulloch M, Trotter J, Kinsley L, Greenoak G.

Toxicol Sci. 2010 Nov;118(1):140-9. doi: 10.1093/toxsci/kfq243. Epub 2010 Aug 12. Erratum in: Toxicol Sci. 2011 Apr;120(2):530.

2.

Comparison of dermal absorption of zinc from different sunscreen formulations and differing UV exposure based on stable isotope tracing.

Gulson B, Wong H, Korsch M, Gomez L, Casey P, McCall M, McCulloch M, Trotter J, Stauber J, Greenoak G.

Sci Total Environ. 2012 Mar 15;420:313-8. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.12.046. Epub 2012 Feb 7.

PMID:
22316633
3.

Dermal absorption and short-term biological impact in hairless mice from sunscreens containing zinc oxide nano- or larger particles.

Osmond-McLeod MJ, Oytam Y, Kirby JK, Gomez-Fernandez L, Baxter B, McCall MJ.

Nanotoxicology. 2014 Aug;8 Suppl 1:72-84. doi: 10.3109/17435390.2013.855832. Epub 2013 Nov 25.

4.

Safety evaluation of sunscreen formulations containing titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles in UVB sunburned skin: an in vitro and in vivo study.

Monteiro-Riviere NA, Wiench K, Landsiedel R, Schulte S, Inman AO, Riviere JE.

Toxicol Sci. 2011 Sep;123(1):264-80. doi: 10.1093/toxsci/kfr148. Epub 2011 Jun 3.

5.

The in vitro absorption of microfine zinc oxide and titanium dioxide through porcine skin.

Gamer AO, Leibold E, van Ravenzwaay B.

Toxicol In Vitro. 2006 Apr;20(3):301-7. Epub 2005 Sep 21.

PMID:
16182508
6.

Stratum corneum is an effective barrier to TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticle percutaneous absorption.

Filipe P, Silva JN, Silva R, Cirne de Castro JL, Marques Gomes M, Alves LC, Santus R, Pinheiro T.

Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2009;22(5):266-75. doi: 10.1159/000235554. Epub 2009 Aug 18.

PMID:
19690452
7.

The safety of nanosized particles in titanium dioxide- and zinc oxide-based sunscreens.

Newman MD, Stotland M, Ellis JI.

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2009 Oct;61(4):685-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2009.02.051. Epub 2009 Jul 31. Review.

PMID:
19646780
8.

Zinc oxide nanoparticles in modern sunscreens: an analysis of potential exposure and hazard.

Osmond MJ, McCall MJ.

Nanotoxicology. 2010 Mar;4(1):15-41. doi: 10.3109/17435390903502028. Review.

PMID:
20795900
9.

UV irradiation-induced zinc dissociation from commercial zinc oxide sunscreen and its action in human epidermal keratinocytes.

Martorano LM, Stork CJ, Li YV.

J Cosmet Dermatol. 2010 Dec;9(4):276-86. doi: 10.1111/j.1473-2165.2010.00521.x.

PMID:
21122045
10.

Percutaneous absorption of benzophenone-3, a common component of topical sunscreens.

Gustavsson Gonzalez H, Farbrot A, Larkö O.

Clin Exp Dermatol. 2002 Nov;27(8):691-4.

PMID:
12472548
11.

Grey goo on the skin? Nanotechnology, cosmetic and sunscreen safety.

Nohynek GJ, Lademann J, Ribaud C, Roberts MS.

Crit Rev Toxicol. 2007 Mar;37(3):251-77. Review.

PMID:
17453934
12.

Safety assessment by multiphoton fluorescence/second harmonic generation/hyper-Rayleigh scattering tomography of ZnO nanoparticles used in cosmetic products.

Darvin ME, König K, Kellner-Hoefer M, Breunig HG, Werncke W, Meinke MC, Patzelt A, Sterry W, Lademann J.

Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2012;25(4):219-26. doi: 10.1159/000338976. Epub 2012 May 30.

PMID:
22653438
13.

Human skin penetration of sunscreen nanoparticles: in-vitro assessment of a novel micronized zinc oxide formulation.

Cross SE, Innes B, Roberts MS, Tsuzuki T, Robertson TA, McCormick P.

Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2007;20(3):148-54. Epub 2007 Jan 17.

PMID:
17230054
14.

The effect of formulation on the penetration of coated and uncoated zinc oxide nanoparticles into the viable epidermis of human skin in vivo.

Leite-Silva VR, Le Lamer M, Sanchez WY, Liu DC, Sanchez WH, Morrow I, Martin D, Silva HD, Prow TW, Grice JE, Roberts MS.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2013 Jun;84(2):297-308. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpb.2013.01.020. Epub 2013 Feb 28.

PMID:
23454052
15.

Human safety review of "nano" titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.

Schilling K, Bradford B, Castelli D, Dufour E, Nash JF, Pape W, Schulte S, Tooley I, van den Bosch J, Schellauf F.

Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2010 Apr;9(4):495-509. doi: 10.1039/b9pp00180h. Review.

PMID:
20354643
16.

Photoprotection in the era of nanotechnology.

Wang SQ, Tooley IR.

Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2011 Dec;30(4):210-3. doi: 10.1016/j.sder.2011.07.006. Review.

PMID:
22123418
17.

Pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, and excretion of zinc oxide nanoparticles.

Baek M, Chung HE, Yu J, Lee JA, Kim TH, Oh JM, Lee WJ, Paek SM, Lee JK, Jeong J, Choy JH, Choi SJ.

Int J Nanomedicine. 2012;7:3081-97. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S32593. Epub 2012 Jun 26.

18.

Effect of ZnO particles on activated sludge: role of particle dissolution.

Liu G, Wang D, Wang J, Mendoza C.

Sci Total Environ. 2011 Jun 15;409(14):2852-7. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.03.022. Epub 2011 May 6.

PMID:
21529894
19.
20.

Imaging of zinc oxide nanoparticle penetration in human skin in vitro and in vivo.

Zvyagin AV, Zhao X, Gierden A, Sanchez W, Ross JA, Roberts MS.

J Biomed Opt. 2008 Nov-Dec;13(6):064031. doi: 10.1117/1.3041492.

PMID:
19123677
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