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References for PMC Articles for PubMed (Select 21345206)


A specific protein-enriched enteral formula decreases cortisolemia and improves plasma albumin and amino acid concentrations in elderly patients.

Olza J, Mesa MD, Poyatos RM, Aguilera CM, Moreno-Torres R, Pérez M, Pérez de la Cruz A, Gil A.

Nutr Metab (Lond). 2010 Jul 13;7:58. doi: 10.1186/1743-7075-7-58.


Chronic leucine supplementation improves glycemic control in etiologically distinct mouse models of obesity and diabetes mellitus.

Guo K, Yu YH, Hou J, Zhang Y.

Nutr Metab (Lond). 2010 Jul 12;7:57. doi: 10.1186/1743-7075-7-57.


HMB supplementation: clinical and athletic performance-related effects and mechanisms of action.

Zanchi NE, Gerlinger-Romero F, Guimarães-Ferreira L, de Siqueira Filho MA, Felitti V, Lira FS, Seelaender M, Lancha AH Jr.

Amino Acids. 2011 Apr;40(4):1015-25. doi: 10.1007/s00726-010-0678-0. Epub 2010 Jul 6. Review.


Glucocorticoids: extensive physiological actions modulated through multiple mechanisms of gene regulation.

Zanchi NE, Filho MA, Felitti V, Nicastro H, Lorenzeti FM, Lancha AH Jr.

J Cell Physiol. 2010 Aug;224(2):311-5. doi: 10.1002/jcp.22141. Review.


Skeletal muscle protein balance in mTOR heterozygous mice in response to inflammation and leucine.

Lang CH, Frost RA, Bronson SK, Lynch CJ, Vary TC.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jun;298(6):E1283-94. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00676.2009. Epub 2010 Apr 13.


Leucine supplementation favors liver protein status but does not reduce body fat in rats during 1 week of food restriction.

Pedrosa RG, Donato J, Pires IS, Tirapegui J.

Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2010 Apr;35(2):180-3. doi: 10.1139/H09-132.


mTOR, AMPK, and GCN2 coordinate the adaptation of hepatic energy metabolic pathways in response to protein intake in the rat.

Chotechuang N, Azzout-Marniche D, Bos C, Chaumontet C, Gausserès N, Steiler T, Gaudichon C, Tomé D.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Dec;297(6):E1313-23. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.91000.2008. Epub 2009 Sep 8.


The leucine content of a complete meal directs peak activation but not duration of skeletal muscle protein synthesis and mammalian target of rapamycin signaling in rats.

Norton LE, Layman DK, Bunpo P, Anthony TG, Brana DV, Garlick PJ.

J Nutr. 2009 Jun;139(6):1103-9. doi: 10.3945/jn.108.103853. Epub 2009 Apr 29.


Beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) stimulates myogenic cell proliferation, differentiation and survival via the MAPK/ERK and PI3K/Akt pathways.

Kornasio R, Riederer I, Butler-Browne G, Mouly V, Uni Z, Halevy O.

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009 May;1793(5):755-63. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2008.12.017. Epub 2009 Jan 3.


Acute and timing effects of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) on indirect markers of skeletal muscle damage.

Wilson JM, Kim JS, Lee SR, Rathmacher JA, Dalmau B, Kingsley JD, Koch H, Manninen AH, Saadat R, Panton LB.

Nutr Metab (Lond). 2009 Feb 4;6:6. doi: 10.1186/1743-7075-6-6.


Beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate supplementation reduces tumor growth and tumor cell proliferation ex vivo and prevents cachexia in Walker 256 tumor-bearing rats by modifying nuclear factor-kappaB expression.

Nunes EA, Kuczera D, Brito GA, Bonatto SJ, Yamazaki RK, Tanhoffer RA, Mund RC, Kryczyk M, Fernandes LC.

Nutr Res. 2008 Jul;28(7):487-93. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2008.04.006.


Effect of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) on protein metabolism in whole body and in selected tissues.

Holecek M, Muthny T, Kovarik M, Sispera L.

Food Chem Toxicol. 2009 Jan;47(1):255-9. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2008.11.021. Epub 2008 Nov 21.


AMPing down leucine action in skeletal muscle.

Anthony TG, Anthony JC.

J Nutr. 2008 Dec;138(12):2307-8. doi: 10.3945/jn.108.098392. No abstract available.


Attenuation of depression of muscle protein synthesis induced by lipopolysaccharide, tumor necrosis factor, and angiotensin II by beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate.

Eley HL, Russell ST, Tisdale MJ.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Dec;295(6):E1409-16. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.90530.2008. Epub 2008 Oct 14.


Fast/Glycolytic muscle fiber growth reduces fat mass and improves metabolic parameters in obese mice.

Izumiya Y, Hopkins T, Morris C, Sato K, Zeng L, Viereck J, Hamilton JA, Ouchi N, LeBrasseur NK, Walsh K.

Cell Metab. 2008 Feb;7(2):159-72. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2007.11.003.


Mechanical stimuli of skeletal muscle: implications on mTOR/p70s6k and protein synthesis.

Zanchi NE, Lancha AH Jr.

Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008 Feb;102(3):253-63. Epub 2007 Oct 17. Review.


Nutrient signalling in the regulation of human muscle protein synthesis.

Fujita S, Dreyer HC, Drummond MJ, Glynn EL, Cadenas JG, Yoshizawa F, Volpi E, Rasmussen BB.

J Physiol. 2007 Jul 15;582(Pt 2):813-23. Epub 2007 May 3.


Plasma lipoproteins and triacylglycerol are predictors of small, dense LDL particles.

Tsimihodimos V, Gazi I, Kostara C, Tselepis AD, Elisaf M.

Lipids. 2007 May;42(5):403-9. Epub 2007 Apr 11.


Beta-hydoxy-beta-methylbutyrate supplementation affects Walker 256 tumor-bearing rats in a time-dependent manner.

Caperuto EC, Tomatieli RV, Colquhoun A, Seelaender MC, Costa Rosa LF.

Clin Nutr. 2007 Feb;26(1):117-22. Epub 2006 Oct 2.

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