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J Med Chem. 2000 Nov 2;43(22):4266-77.

Synthesis and evaluation of novel steroidal oxime inhibitors of P450 17 (17 alpha-hydroxylase/C17-20-lyase) and 5 alpha-reductase types 1 and 2.

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  • 1Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, University of the Saarland, P.O. Box 151150, D-66041 Saarbr├╝cken, Germany. rwh@rz.uni-sb.de

Abstract

17 alpha-Hydroxylase/C17-20-lyase (P450 17, CYP 17) and 5 alpha-reductase are the key enzymes in androgen biosynthesis and targets for the treatment of prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia. In the search of inhibitors for both enzymes, 23 pregnenolone- or progesterone-based steroids were synthesized bearing an oxime group connected directly or via a spacer to the steroidal D-ring. Tested for inhibition of human and rat P450 17, some pregnenolone (9, 11, 14) and a series of progesterone compounds (17-20) turned out to be highly active inhibitors of the human enzyme. The most active compound was Z-21-hydroxyiminopregna-5, 17(20)-dien-3 beta-ol (9) showing K(i) values of 44 and 3.4 nM for the human and rat enzymes, respectively, and a type II UV-difference spectrum indicating a coordinate bond between the oxime group and the heme iron. In contrast to the pregnenolones which showed no inhibition of 5 alpha-reductase isozymes 1 and 2, the progesterones 16, 17, 20, 21, and 23 showed marked inhibition, especially toward the type 2 enzyme. Compounds 17 and 20 were identified as potent dual inhibitors of both P450 17 and 5 alpha-reductase. Tested for selectivity, the most potent P450 17 inhibitors 9, 10, and 14 showed no or only marginal inhibition of P450 arom, P450 scc, and P450 TxA(2). Selected compounds were tested for inhibition of the target enzymes using whole-cell assays. Compounds 9-11 strongly inhibited P450 17 being coexpressed with NADPH-P450 reductase in E. coli cells, and 16, 20, and 23 markedly inhibited 5 alpha-reductase expressed in HEK 293 cells. Tested for in vivo activity, 9 (0.019 mmol/kg) decreased the plasma testosterone concentration in rats after 2 and 6 h by 57% and 44%.

PMID:
11063622
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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