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J Biol Chem. 2002 Jun 14;277(24):22103-6. Epub 2002 Apr 4.

SDT1/SSM1, a multicopy suppressor of S-II null mutant, encodes a novel pyrimidine 5'-nucleotidase.

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  • 1Discovery Research Laboratories, Daiichi Pharmaceutical Company, Ltd., Edogawa-ku, Tokyo 134-8630, Japan. nakanfnt@daichipharm.co.jp


SDT1 (suppressor of disruption of TFIIS 1, YGL224c, also known as SSM1, suppressor of S-II null mutant 1) is Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene identified as a multicopy suppressor of 6-azauracil sensitivity in a null mutant of the transcription elongation factor S-II. We found that overproduction of SDT1 caused hyposensitivity to not only 6-azauracil but also 5-fluorouracil and 5-fluorocytosine. This hyposensitivity was limited to pyrimidine derivatives, and no effect was observed for non-pyrimidine drugs including such clinically used anti-fungal drugs as amphotericin B and fluconazole. Purified recombinant SDT1 protein specifically dephosphorylated 5'-UMP and 5'-CMP. These results suggested that SDT1 conferred pyrimidine-specific hyposensitivity by dephosphorylating active metabolites of 6- or 5-modified pyrimidines, i.e. 6- or 5-modified UMP. This is the first description of a highly specific pyrimidine 5'-nucleotidase in S. cerevisiae.

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