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Am J Hum Genet. 1984 Jul;36(4):899-903.

Localized chromosomal mosaicism as a cause of dysmorphic development.


Regional chromosomal mosaicism has been found in tissue from the clitoral mass of an infant presenting with ambiguous genitalia. Chromosome analysis of skin from the clitoral mass was interpreted as 46,XX/52,XX, +2, +7, +8, +12, +13, +20, whereas study of ovarian tissue and peripheral lymphocytes found each to have normal 46,XX karyotypes with no indication of mosaicism. We believe that somatic cell mutation led to a hyperdiploid clonal cell line resulting in maldevelopment of this patient's external genitalia. This observation, which to our knowledge has not been previously reported, indicates that localized chromosomal abnormalities in some cases may be etiologic of isolated congenital malformations.

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