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Am J Med Genet. 1998 Apr 1;76(4):351-8.

Delineation of supernumerary marker chromosomes in 38 patients.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Human Genetics, University of Bonn, Germany.

Abstract

We present cytogenetic and clinical data on 38 patients with supernumerary marker chromosomes (SMCs). SMCs were characterized using a strategy combining classical banding techniques and molecular cytogenetic studies. Cases were ascertained prenatally, postnatally, and after fetal death. In 26 patients (68%), the SMC originated entirely from acrocentric chromosomes. Among these, most patients carried a der(15). In 11 patients (29%), they were of nonacrocentric origin, including 9 autosomal and 2 gonosomal marker chromosomes. In 1 patient the SMC was of partially acrocentric origin. Patients with small derivatives of chromosome 15 [der(15)] had a normal phenotype. Those with a larger der(15) showed phenotypical abnormalities. Patients with supernumerary marker chromosomes derived from chromosomes 13 or 21, and 14 appeared to have a low risk of abnormalities. Out of this group only 1 patient who carried an additional r(21) had physical anomalies. Patients with an SMC originating from chromosome 22 showed physical abnormalities in 2 out of 6 cases. Supernumerary marker chromosomes identified as i(9p), i(12p), and der(18) were all associated with an abnormal phenotype. Two of the derivatives of chromosome 20 analyzed were correlated with a normal phenotype, while the carrier of the third one showed physical anomalies and motor retardation. Of 2 patients with an extra der(X), 1 was normal and 1 showed an abnormal phenotype.

PMID:
9545101
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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