Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination

See 1 citation found by title matching your search:

See comment in PubMed Commons below
Paediatr Child Health. 2012 Jan;17(1):24-6.

Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome at the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus in an adolescent male.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario;


Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) is rare in the paediatric population. The diagnosis and management of HHS presents a challenge in paediatric patients who may present with a mixed picture of HHS and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).A 15-year-old obese African American male was brought to the emergency department following a two-day history of feeling unwell. The patient was obtunded, hypotensive and tachypneic. Initial investigations revealed the following: pH 6.97 (normal 7.35 to 7.41), HCO(3) (-) 5 mEq/L (normal 20 mEq/L to 25 mEq/L), glucose 90.9 mmol/L (normal 3.4 mmol/L to 6.3 mmol/L), serum osmolality 454 mOsm/kg (normal 275 mOsm/kg to 295 mOsm/kg), Na(+) 141 mEq/L (normal 135 mEq/L to 145 mEq/L), corrected Na(+) 165 mEq/L, K(+) 8.4 mEq/L (normal 3.5 mEq/L to 5.0 mEq/L), urinalysis revealed 1+ ketones and 4+ glucose. The patient's clinical course was complicated by severe hyperkalemia, acute renal failure, refractory status epilepticus, rhabdomyolysis, pancreatitis and hypertension.The present case emphasizes the complexity of managing patients with a mixed DKA/HHS presentation and associated morbidities. It is very important to disseminate and implement screening guidelines for type 2 diabetes mellitus, so as to prevent this potentially devastating complication.


Adolescent; Diabetic ketoacidosis; Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar; Nonketotic coma; Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk