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Audiology. 1984;23(4):411-25.

Gender and oral contraceptive effects on temporary auditory effects of noise.


The first experiment examined thresholds at 4 and 8 kHz and the threshold of octave masking at 4 kHz before and after noise for males, females, and females using oral contraceptives. Females using oral contraceptives evidenced greater threshold shifts at 4 kHz than either of the other two groups. The second experiment examined thresholds and the loudness discrimination index at 4 kHz for males and females before and after noise exposure. Females evidenced greater loudness discrimination index changes both with and without noise exposure than did males. In addition, females responded to the noise with cutaneous vasodilation while males evidenced vasoconstriction.

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