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  • The following term was not found in PubMed: 2014;145.
  • Showing results for 1. cuairan c, campbell pm, kontogiorgos e, taylor rw, melo ac, buschang ph. local application of zoledronate enhances miniscrew implant stability in dogs. am j orthod dentofacial orthop. 2014;145 (6) 737-749. Your search for 1. Cuairán C, Campbell PM, Kontigiorgos E, Taylor RW, Melo AC, Buschang PH. Local application of zoledronate enhances miniscrew implant stability in dogs. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2014;145(6):737-749 retrieved no results.
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Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2014 Jun;145(6):737-49. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2014.01.020.

Local application of zoledronate enhances miniscrew implant stability in dogs.

Author information

  • 1Private practice, San José, Costa Rica.
  • 2Chairman, Department of Orthodontics, Texas A&M University Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Tex.
  • 3Assistant clinical professor, Restorative Sciences, Texas A&M University Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Tex.
  • 4Associate professor, Department of Orthodontics, Texas A&M University Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Tex.
  • 5Research scientist, Instituo Americano de Pesquisa e Ensino Odontologico, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.
  • 6Regents professor and director of Orthodontic Research, Department of Orthodontics, Texas A&M University Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, Tex. Electronic address: phbuschang@bcd.tamhsc.edu.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The primary purposes of this study were to evaluate how locally delivered zoledronate affects the longitudinal stability of miniscrew implants (MSIs) and the healing of bone around MSIs.

METHODS:

Using a randomized split-mouth design, 60 unloaded MSIs (5 × 1.6 mm) were placed in skeletally mature male foxhound-mixed breed dogs. The MSIs were randomly assigned to bilateral pairs of pilot holes (1.1 mm) that had been injected with either bisphosphonate zoledronate (n = 30, experimental group) or buffered saline solution (n = 30, control group). MSI stability was evaluated weekly for 8 weeks using resonance frequency analyses (Osstell Mentor; Integration Diagnostics, Göteborg, Sweden). Microcomputed tomography (6-μm voxel size) was used to determine the bone volume fractions of 3 layers of bone (6-24, 24-42, and 42-60 μm) surrounding the MSIs.

RESULTS:

Resonance frequency analysis showed that the control MSIs were significantly (P <0.05) less stable than the experimental MSIs. Although there was little or no change in stability over time for the MSIs treated with zoledronate, the stability of the control MSIs decreased during the first 4 weeks, increased through week 6, and then decreased again. The 6- to 24-μm layer closest to the MSIs, on both the experimental and the control sides, showed significantly (P <0.05) less bone than did the 24- to 42-μm and the 42- to 60-μm layers. After 8 weeks, there was significantly more cortical bone surrounding the control than the experimental MSIs. In contrast, there was significantly more trabecular bone surrounding the experimental than the control MSIs.

CONCLUSIONS:

One small locally delivered dose of zoledronate maintained the stability of MSIs over time, primarily because of greater amounts of trabecular bone surrounding the MSIs. Even though zoledronate enhanced the stability of MSIs in dogs, it should not be used clinically until further studies confirm its safe use in patients.

Copyright © 2014 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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