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Biochem J. 1976 Nov;159(2):385-93.

Thiol-protein disulphide oxidoreductases. Differences between protein disulphide-isomerase and glutathione-insulin transhydrogenase activities in ox liver.


1. Protein disulphide-isomerase and glutathione-insulin transhydrogenase activities were assayed in parallel through a conventional purification of protein disulphide-isomerase from ox liver. 2. Throughout a series of purification steps (differential centrifugation, acetone extraction, (NH4)2SO4 precipitation and ion-exchange chromatography), the two activities appeared in the same fractions but were purified to different extents. 3. The final sample was 143-fold purified in protein disulphide-isomerase but only 10-fold purified in glutathione-insulin transhydrogenase; nevertheless the two activities in this preparation were not resolved by high-resolution isoelectric focusing and both showed pI4.65. 4. In a partially purified preparation containing both activities, glutathione-insulin transhydrogenase was far more sensitive to heat denaturation than was protein disulphide-isomerase; conversely protein disulphide-isomerase was more sensitive to inactivation by deoxycholate. 5. The data are inconsistent with a single enzyme being responsible for all the protein disulphide-isomerase and glutathione-insulin transhydrogenase activity of ox liver. It is suggested that several similiar thiol-protein disulphide oxidoreductases of overlapping specificities may better account for the data.

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