Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Psychol Bull. 1999 Jan;125(1):3-30.

On the bipolarity of positive and negative affect.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. jrussell@neuron3.psych.ubc.ca


Is positive affect (PA) the bipolar opposite of, or is it independent of, negative affect (NA)? Previous analyses of this vexing question have generally labored under the false assumption that bipolarity predicts an invariant latent correlation between PA and NA. The predicted correlation varies with time frame, response format, and items selected to define PA and NA. The observed correlation also varies with errors inherent in measurement. When the actual predictions of a bipolar model are considered and error is taken into account, there is little evidence for independence of what were traditionally thought opposites. Bipolarity provides a parsimonious fit to existing data.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Psychological Association
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk