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J Lab Clin Med. 1999 Feb;133(2):152-60.

Increased sialylation of polymeric immunoglobulin A1: mechanism of selective glomerular deposition in immunoglobulin A nephropathy?

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, University of Hong Kong.

Abstract

Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is characterized by raised serum IgA and predominant mesangial IgA deposits of polymeric nature. The abnormal glycosylation of the carbohydrate moieties in the hinge region of the IgA molecule has recently attracted much attention. In this study we investigated the galactosylation and sialylation of monomeric and polymeric IgA1 isolated from patients with IgAN. Total IgA1 in serum samples from patients with IgAN or from healthy controls was isolated with a jacalin-agarose column as jacalin-bound protein (JBP). Monomeric and polymeric IgA1 were distinctly separated by fast protein liquid chromatography. Lectin binding assays were designed to examine the sialylation and the expression of terminal galactose and N-acetyl galactosamine of the O-linked carbohydrate in the hinge region of the IgA molecule. Reduced terminal galactosylation was demonstrated in serum IgA and monomeric IgA1 isolated from patients with IgAN as compared with results in healthy control subjects. However, a reduction in terminal galactosylation was not found in polymeric IgA1 isolated from patients with IgAN. Instead, increased sialylation of IgA1 (alpha2-3 linked to galactose) was demonstrated in polymeric IgA1. This abnormality of IgA1 could bear considerable implication on the pathogenesis of IgAN, because the masking effect of sialic acid may hinder the clearance of polymeric IgA1 by the asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGP-R) of the liver cells. An increase in the sialylated content would also render the polymeric IgA from patients with IgAN more anionic. These immunochemical properties may contribute to the selective glomerular deposition of polymeric IgA1 in IgAN.

PMID:
9989767
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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