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Hum Immunol. 1999 Jan;60(1):32-40.

Tolerance of NK and LAK activity for HLA class I-deficient targets in a TAP1-deficient patient (bare lymphocyte syndrome type I).

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  • 1Department of Research, Japanese Red Cross Central Blood Center, Tokyo.


NK cells recognize target cells that lack HLA class I molecules and lyse them, according to the 'missing self' hypothesis. It was previously reported that a TAP2-deficient patient with an HLA class I-deficiency, had a normal number of NK cells but that the lymphocytes of this patient had lost their NK activity against K562 cells. In this study, we investigated the HLA class I-recognizing NK receptor expressions and the NK and LAK activities of the lymphocytes of a TAP1-deficient patient. The patient had a normal number of NK cells. Although the lymphocytes showed LAK activity against class I expressing targets following IL-2, IL-12 and IL-15 stimulation for 3 days, neither NK nor LAK activity against targets lacking class I molecules was induced. The NK cells of the patient expressed class I-recognizing NK receptors, although the percentages of such cells were low. However, no differences were observed in the expression levels of inhibitory and activating NK receptors between lymphocytes of the patient and those of healthy controls, suggesting that the modulation of the NK receptor expression is not primarily responsible for this tolerance. These results also suggest that the lymphocytes of the patient are defective in the recognition of class I-deficient target cells in order to promote the induction of self tolerance.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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