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Mol Biol Cell. 1999 Feb;10(2):245-57.

Liz1p, a novel fission yeast membrane protein, is required for normal cell division when ribonucleotide reductase is inhibited.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Ribonucleotide reductase activity is required for generating deoxyribonucleotides for DNA replication. Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells lacking ribonucleotide reductase activity arrest during S phase of the cell cycle. In a screen for hydroxyurea-sensitive mutants in S. pombe, we have identified a gene, liz1(+), which when mutated reveals an additional, previously undescribed role for ribonucleotide reductase activity during mitosis. Inactivation of ribonucleotide reductase, by either hydroxyurea or a cdc22-M45 mutation, causes liz1(-) cells in G2 to undergo an aberrant mitosis, resulting in chromosome missegregation and late mitotic arrest. liz1(+) encodes a 514-amino acid protein with strong similarity to a family of transmembrane transporters, and localizes to the plasma membrane of the cell. These results reveal an unexpected G2/M function of ribonucleotide reductase and establish that defects in a transmembrane protein can affect cell cycle progression.

PMID:
9950674
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC25166
Free PMC Article

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