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Genetics. 1999 Feb;151(2):473-83.

MGA2 or SPT23 is required for transcription of the delta9 fatty acid desaturase gene, OLE1, and nuclear membrane integrity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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  • 1Movable Genetic Elements Section, Gene Regulation and Chromosome Biology Laboratory, Advanced BioScience Laboratories-Basic Research Program, National Cancer Institute-Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Frederick, Maryland 21702, USA.

Abstract

MGA2 and SPT23 are functionally and genetically redundant homologs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Both genes are implicated in the transcription of a subset of genes, including Ty retrotransposons and Ty-induced mutations. Neither gene is essential for growth, but mga2 spt23 double mutants are inviable. We have isolated a gene-specific activator, SWI5, and the Delta9 fatty acid desaturase of yeast, OLE1, as multicopy suppressors of an mga2Delta spt23 temperature-sensitive mutation (spt23-ts). The level of unsaturated fatty acids decreases 35-40% when the mga2Delta spt23-ts mutant is incubated at 37 degrees. Electron microscopy of these cells reveals a separation of inner and outer nuclear membranes that is sometimes accompanied by vesicle-like projections in the intermembrane space. The products of Ole1p catalysis, oleic acid and palmitoleic acid, suppress mga2Delta spt23-ts and mga2Delta spt23Delta lethality and restore normal nuclear membrane morphology. Furthermore, the level of the OLE1 transcript decreases more than 15-fold in the absence of wild-type Mga2p and Spt23p. Our results suggest that Mga2p/Spt23p control cell viability by stimulating OLE1 transcription.

PMID:
9927444
PMCID:
PMC1460504
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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