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Cancer Res. 1999 Jan 15;59(2):279-84.

Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase associated with prostate cancer progression.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Cancer Center, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville 22908, USA.


Using an antibody specific for dually phosphorylated extracellular-regulated kinases 1 and 2, we have examined 82 primary and metastatic prostate tumor specimens for the presence of activated mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. Nonneoplastic prostate tissue showed little or no staining with activated MAP kinase antiserum. In prostate tumors, the level of activated MAP kinase increased with increasing Gleason score and tumor stage. In a separate analysis, tumor samples from two patients showed no activation of MAP kinase before androgen ablation therapy; however, following androgen ablation treatment, high levels of activated MAP kinase were detected in the recurrent tumors. Collectively, these data suggest an increase in the activation of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway as prostate cancer progresses to a more advanced and androgen-independent disease.

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