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Neuroreport. 1998 Dec 21;9(18):4081-6.

Regulated expression of dual specificity protein phosphatases in rat brain.

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  • 1Serono Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Serono International S.A., Geneva, Switzerland.


Activated mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases play an essential role controlling many neuronal functions. Dual specificity protein phosphatases (DS-PTPs) elicit selective inactivation of MAP kinases and are under tight transcriptional control. We have studied expression of four DS-PTPs (MKP-1, MKP-X, MKP-3 and B23) in rat brain and examined changes during post-natal development and following kainic acid induced seizure activity. In normal adult brain these DS-PTPs exhibit a strikingly different expression pattern. Only MKP-1 was regulated during development with levels increased transiently (P15-P21) within the thalamus and somatosensory cortex. Following kainate treatment, MKP-1, MKP-3 and B23 all exhibit striking changes in expression within hippocampal subfields CA1-3 and dentate gyrus. Regulated transcription of DS-PTPs may play a critical role controlling MAP kinase dependent processes including synaptic remodeling and neuronal death.

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