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Genes Dev. 1999 Jan 15;13(2):152-7.

A role for ATR in the DNA damage-induced phosphorylation of p53.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Cell Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710 USA.

Abstract

Phosphorylation at Ser-15 may be a critical event in the up-regulation and functional activation of p53 during cellular stress. In this report we provide evidence that the ATM-Rad3-related protein ATR regulates phosphorylation of Ser-15 in DNA-damaged cells. Overexpression of catalytically inactive ATR (ATRki) in human fibroblasts inhibited Ser-15 phosphorylation in response to gamma-irradiation and UV light. In gamma-irradiated cells, ATRki expression selectively interfered with late-phase Ser-15 phosphorylation, whereas ATRki blocked UV-induced Ser-15 phosphorylation in a time-independent manner. ATR phosphorylated p53 at Ser-15 and Ser-37 in vitro, suggesting that p53 is a target for phosphorylation by ATR in DNA-damaged cells.

PMID:
9925639
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC316393
Free PMC Article

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