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Increased gene transfer into human CD34+ progenitor cells using retroviral vectors produced by a canine packaging cell line.

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  • 1Division of Research Immunology/Bone Marrow Transplantation, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA.


Using retroviral supernatants derived from the amphotropic murine packaging cell line PA317 and the amphotropic canine packaging cell line (DA), cord blood and mobilized peripheral blood CD34+ cells were transduced with the vector LN (neomycin resistance) and the vector L-TR/TAT neo (neomycin resistance in conjunction with a double-hammerhead ribozyme conferring anti-HIV activity). Different multiplicities of infection (MOI) were applied in the setup according to vector titrations on NIH-3T3 cells. PA317-based supernatants were tested at MOI of 10 and 30. Purified concentrated DA-derived vector preparations were tested at MOI of 10, 30, 100, and 300. Immediately after transduction, CD34+ cells were plated into colony assays in the presence and absence of G418 to evaluate the amount of gene transfer and potential toxic effects of the vectors on colony growth. The remaining cells were subjected to G418 selection in liquid culture for 12 days and subsequently challenged with HIV-1JR-FL to test for efficacy of the anti-HIV gene in macrophages derived from transduced CD34+ cells. Transduction by the PA317-packaged vectors was maximal at the lowest MOI used and did not increase with increasing MOI. In contrast, transduction by the DA-packaged vectors could be progressively increased using increased MOI. The net transduction efficiency per unit of reverse transcriptase activity in the DA vector preparations was 8.7-fold higher than in the PA317 vector supernatants. HIV-1 challenge of the cells transduced by the ribozyme vector derived from the PA317 packaging cells resulted in a 1.5 log inhibition of p24 output compared with the control cells containing neomycin resistance only. A 2.5 log inhibition of p24 output could be observed in the cell population transduced with DA-packaged vector supernatants. Compared with retroviral supernatants from PA317 packaging cell lines, DA packaging line-derived vector preparations demonstrated higher transduction efficiency into CD34+ cells, particularly at higher MOI, and increased efficacy of the transferred anti-HIV gene when challenged with HIV-1JR-FL. The increase in transduction efficiency may be due to a higher ratio of intact vs. defective vector particles in the DA-derived vector preparations.

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