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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Jan 27;254(3):582-6.

Increased expression of cyclooxygenases and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma in Alzheimer's disease brains.

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  • 1Department of Neurobiology, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Kyoto, 607-8412, Japan.


Recent studies suggest that inflammatory events are associated with plaque formation in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) of these patients appears to slow the progression of disease. We assessed the occurrence of cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and -2) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) in temporal cortex from normal and AD brains using specific antibodies. In AD brains, protein levels of COX-1 were increased in both cytosolic and particulate fractions, and COX-2 protein was also increased in the particulate fraction. On the other hand, PPARgamma level was increased in the cytosolic fraction but not in the particulate fraction. Thus, expression levels of COX-1, COX-2, and PPARgamma may change in AD brains. In addition, several NSAIDs which are also PPARgamma activators, such as indomethacin, inhibited COX-2 expression in glial cells. These results suggest that PPARgamma activators have inhibitory effects on inflammatory events in AD brains.

Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

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