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Bratisl Lek Listy. 1998 Oct;99(10):525-30.

[Atherogenic and anti-atherogenic plasma lipoproteins modulate secretion of prostanoids by endothelial cells in vitro].

[Article in Slovak]

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  • 1II. interná klinika Lekárskej fakulty Univerzity Komenského v Bratislave, Slovakia.


The authors present the evidence of atherogenic properties of VLDL and LDL potentiation on the model of endothelial cells-human umbilical vein endothelial cells, by preferable stimulation of the endothelial cell to thromboxane A1 production at in vitro conditions by atherogenic lipoproteins. The vasoconstrictive, thrombogenic and atherogenic effects of TXA2 are exerted on the vessel in this way. The ratio prostacycline/thromboxane, decisive for the maintenance of vascular homeostasis, is less than 1, this means the beneficial effect of prostacycline can not be applied. Protective, antiatherogenic effect of HDL and its subfractions HDL2 and HDL3/predominantly through their function in the reverse cholesterol transport from the periphery to the liver, antioxidative influence on LDL, as far as antiaggregation and fibrinolytic effects of HDL/is multiplied by the fact that HDL preferably stimulates the secretion of prostacycline by the endothelial cell. The ratio prostacycline/thromboxane A2 is higher than 1, that means beneficial vasodilative, antiaggregation and antiatherogenic effect of prostacycline on the vessel wall predominate. Quantitative evaluation of antiatherogenic effects of HDL subfractions (HDL2 and HDL3) revealed more significant antiatherogenic effect in HDL2 subfraction-in the sense of prostacycline secretion stimulation and exertion of its beneficial effects on the vessel. (Fig. 5, Ref. 33.)

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