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Neurosurgery. 1999 Jan;44(1):97-104; discussion 104-5.

BrainLab VectorVision Neuronavigation System: technology and clinical experiences in 131 cases.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Academic Hospital M√ľnchen-Bogenhausen, Technical University of Munich, Germany.



The BrainLab VectorVision neuronavigation system was used in 131 cases of different brain pathological conditions. The neuronavigation system was used without problems in 125 cases. These cases included 114 microsurgical operations, 4 endoscopic procedures, 4 frameless stereotactic biopsies, and 3 catheter placements.


The BrainLab VectorVision neuronavigation system is an intraoperative, image-guided, frameless, localization system. The system consists of a computer workstation for registration of images and physical spaces, an intraoperative localization device, and a computer image display. The system provides real-time responses regarding the locations of surgical instruments. VectorVision is based on passive reflections of infrared flashes. Universal adapters with reflective markers for surgical instruments, endoscopes, and the operating microscope are used.


In six cases, the system could not be used because of system failure or mishandling. In 125 neurosurgical cases, the neuronavigation system was useful, with a target-localizing accuracy of 4+/-1.4 mm (mean+/-standard deviation). For small cerebral lesions, we never performed an exploration with negative results.


The BrainLab neuronavigation system has been shown to be very helpful and user-friendly for routine neurosurgical interventions. Its advantage lies in its mobility, based on wireless reflective adapters for surgical instruments, endoscopes, and the operating microscope.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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