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Cell Death Differ. 1998 Dec;5(12):1062-75.

Novel dipeptidyl proteasome inhibitors overcome Bcl-2 protective function and selectively accumulate the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 and induce apoptosis in transformed, but not normal, human fibroblasts.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA.

Abstract

It has been suggested that overexpression of the Bcl-2 oncoprotein in human cancer cells contributes to their resistance to apoptosis induced by chemotherapy. We report here that a novel dipeptidyl proteasome inhibitor, CEP1612, at low concentrations rapidly induces apoptosis in human Jurkat T cells overexpressing Bcl-2 and also in all human prostate, breast, tongue and brain tumor cell lines we have tested to date, without exception. In contrast, etoposide, a standard anticancer drug, fails to kill these cells when employed under the same conditions. The apoptosis-inducing abilities of CEP1612 and its analogous compounds match precisely their order for inhibition of the proteasome chymotrypsin-like activity. CEP1612-induced apoptosis is p53-independent, inhibitable by a tetrapeptide caspase inhibitor, and associated with accumulation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21 and p27. Furthermore, CEP1612 selectively accumulates p27 and induces apoptosis in simian virus 40-transformed, but not the parental normal, human fibroblasts. Proteasome inhibitors such as those investigated herein might therefore have potential use as novel anticancer drugs.

PMID:
9894613
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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