Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Jan 19;96(2):686-91.

The plasminogen activator inhibitor-2 gene is not required for normal murine development or survival.

Author information

  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0650, USA.

Abstract

Plasminogen activator inhibitor-2 (PAI-2), a member of the serpin gene family, is thought to serve as a primary regulator of plasminogen activation in the extravascular compartment. High levels of PAI-2 are found in keratinocytes, monocytes, and the human trophoblast, the latter suggesting a role in placental maintenance or embryo development. The primarily intracellular distribution of PAI-2 also may indicate a unique regulatory role in a protease-dependent cellular process such as apoptosis. To examine the potential functions of PAI-2 in vivo, we generated PAI-2-deficient mice by gene targeting in embryonic stem cells. Homozygous PAI-2-deficient mice exhibited normal development, survival, and fertility and were also indistinguishable from normal controls in response to a bacterial infectious challenge or endotoxin infusion. No differences in monocyte recruitment into the peritoneum were observed after thioglycollate injection. Epidermal wound healing was equivalent among PAI-2 -/- null and control mice. Finally, crossing PAI-2 -/- with PAI-1 -/- mice to generate animals deficient in both plasminogen activator inhibitors failed to uncover an overlap in function between these two related proteins.

PMID:
9892694
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC15197
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk