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J Exp Med. 1999 Jan 18;189(2):435-40.

B7-1 or B7-2 is required to produce the lymphoproliferative phenotype in mice lacking cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4).

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  • 1Immunology Research Division, Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.damandelbr@bics.bwh.harvard.edu

Abstract

The costimulatory molecules B7-1 and B7-2 regulate T lymphocyte activation by delivering activating signals through CD28 and inhibitory signals through cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4). The importance of CTLA-4-mediated inhibition was demonstrated by the uncontrolled T cell activation and lymphoproliferative disease that develops in CTLA-4-deficient (-/-) mice. To examine the role of B7 signaling in the activation of CTLA-4-deficient T cells, we bred CTLA-4(-/-) mice with mice lacking B7-1, B7-2, or both B7 molecules. The CTLA-4/B7-1(-/-) and the CTLA-4/B7-2(-/-) mice develop lymphoproliferation and enhanced T cell activation. Mice lacking CTLA-4, B7-1, and B7-2 have a normal life-span, and do not have lymphocytic infiltrates in any organs, or increased T cell activation. Therefore, the two B7 molecules have overlapping functions, since either B7-1 or B7-2 alone can cause the CTLA-4(-/-) phenotype. Elimination of both B7-1 and B7-2 from the CTLA-4- deficient mouse abrogates the lymphocyte activation and disease, and does not reveal evidence for additional stimulatory CD28 ligands. The CTLA-4(-/-) phenotype can be reproduced with anti-CD28 antibody in mice lacking CTLA-4, B7-1, and B7-2, but wild-type mice are unaffected by the same treatment. This suggests that the inhibitory function of CTLA-4 can overcome strong CD28-mediated signaling in vivo.

PMID:
9892625
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2192978
Free PMC Article

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