Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Fold Des. 1998;3(6):449-55.

Aromatic rescue of glycine in beta sheets.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8114, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Glycine is an intrinsically destabilizing residue in beta sheets. In natural proteins, however, this destabilization can be 'rescued' by specific cross-strand pairing with aromatic residues. Here, we present an experimental study of this effect.

RESULTS:

Protein variants containing glycine and aromatic residues positioned across beta strands in both antiparallel and parallel orientations were studied. The pairing of glycine and phenylalanine across antiparallel strands resulted in a synergistic increase in protein stability. Dramatic differences in stability were observed for the parallel beta-sheet mutants, which were dependent upon the type of site occupied by glycine as well as the type of aromatic residue with which it was cross-strand paired.

CONCLUSIONS:

Experimental results from a series of mutants suggest a thermodynamic benefit for glycine-aromatic pairing across antiparallel beta strands, consistent with the prevalence of such pairs in natural proteins. We also demonstrate the specificity of glycine-aromatic interactions across parallel beta strands, which defines strand register.

PMID:
9889161
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk