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Mol Genet Metab. 1998 Dec;65(4):272-81.

Redefinition of dystrophin isoform distribution in mouse tissue by RT-PCR implies role in nonmuscle manifestations of duchenne muscular dystrophy.

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  • 1Oregon Child Health Research Center, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, Oregon, 97201, USA.

Abstract

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by a defect in a 427-kDa membrane-associated protein: dystrophin. The DMD gene also encodes several shorter isoforms which are believed to participate in nonmuscle manifestations of DMD, including abnormal retinal electrophysiology, dilated cardiomyopathy, mental retardation, and hearing defects. The purpose of this work was to determine the normal tissue expression of full-length dystrophin (Dp427) and the dystrophin isoforms Dp260, Dp140, Dp116, and Dp71, to aid in understanding what roles these isoforms might play in DMD nonmuscle manifestations. RT-PCR was performed on mRNA isolated from wild-type C57BL/6J mouse tissues, including brain, cardiac muscle, eye, intestine, kidney, liver, lung, skeletal muscle, spleen, stomach, testis, thymus, and uterus. RT-PCR amplification demonstrated that the isoforms were in a number of tissues which had not been revealed by previous Western and Northern blot analyses. Dp427 was expressed at equal levels in all tissues. Dp260 and Dp140 were present in all tissues tested, but the levels of expression varied. Dp116 was expressed in a subset of tissues and levels of expression varied. Dp71 was constitutively expressed in all tissues, suggesting that this isoform plays a basic role in normal tissue function. The expanded tissue distribution supports the hypothesis that dystrophin isoforms serve essential and unique functions, necessitating further investigation into their potential roles in DMD nonmuscle manifestations.

Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

PMID:
9889014
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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