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Lupus. 1998;7(9):649-53.

Management of chronic renal insufficiency in lupus nephritis: role of proteinuria, hypertension and dyslipidemia in the progression of renal disease.

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  • 1Division of Nephrology, London Health Sciences Centre, Ontario, Canada.


Non-immune mechanisms appear to be important in the majority of patients with lupus nephritis and progressive renal injury. Proteinuria, hypertension and dyslipidemia are associated non-immune risk factors often implicated in the deterioration of kidney function. There is ample animal experimental evidence that they are independent risk factors for progressive renal injury and their treatment results in amelioration of renal function. Proteinuria and hypertension, unlike dyslipidemia, have been shown to be independent risk factors for progressive renal injury in patients with lupus nephritis. Treatment of hypertension and proteinuria in the diabetic and non-diabetic progressive renal disease population results in stabilization of kidney function. Response to treatment should target both blood pressure of 120/80 and significant reductions in protein excretion. If protein excretion rate is unaltered by use of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and salt restriction, one might resort to the use of an angiotensin II antagonist. Treatment of the dyslipidemia following good control of proteinuria, blood pressure and dietary change may not alter renal progression but should provide similar protection from accelerated vascular disease to the non-renal dyslipidemia population.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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