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Mol Hum Reprod. 1998 Dec;4(12):1157-64.

Localization of apoptotic cells within the human endometrium and correlation between apoptosis and p21 expression.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to gain a better understanding of the localization of apoptotic cells within the human endometrium during the menstrual cycle and to elucidate the relationships among the following for the human endometrium: apoptosis, p21 expression, and cell proliferation. Apoptosis and p21 expression were identified mainly in the glandular cells of the basal layer in the late secretory phase. In contrast, cells positive for Ki-67 were observed predominantly in the functional layer (in the proliferative phase in glandular cells and in the secretory phase in stromal cells). A very strong positive correlation (r = 0.81; P < 0.001) was demonstrated between the number of apoptotic cells and the number of p21-positive cells present among the glandular cells but, topographically, individual apoptotic cells were not coincident with p21-positive cells in serial sections. The results of this study suggest that the proliferation of the glandular cells of the basal layer is regulated by both apoptosis and p21 expression, particularly in the late secretory phase. Such regulation may be necessary to maintain a healthy population of glandular cells in the basal layer of the endometrium.

PMID:
9872367
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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