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Acad Emerg Med. 1998 Oct;5(10):961-5.

Effect of magnesium hydroxide on iron absorption following simulated mild iron overdose in human subjects.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medical Toxicology, Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, USA. kevinw@samaritan.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effect of oral magnesium hydroxide [Mg(OH)2] on iron absorption after simulated iron overdose in human subjects.

METHODS:

A randomized, controlled crossover study was conducted in healthy adult male human volunteers taking no medications. Subjects received an average of 5.0 mg/kg elemental iron orally followed 1 hour later by either oral administration of 4.5 g of Mg(OH)2 per g ingested elemental iron or no treatment. Serial serum specimens were obtained over the 12 hours following iron ingestion and stored at -60 degrees C until standard serum iron assay was performed. After a 2-week washout period, the subjects were enrolled in the alternative trial arm. Individual baseline diurnal variation in serum iron levels was determined over a 12-hour period on the day prior to each trial. Area under time-concentration curves (AUCs) were calculated, and the AUC due to experimental iron ingestion (deltaAUC) was determined by subtracting the baseline diurnal AUC from the experimental AUC for each subject.

RESULTS:

Thirteen healthy adult male subjects were enrolled. Mean +/- SEM for deltaAUC due to experimental iron ingestion followed by treatment with Mg(OH)2, 78 +/- 23 micromol(hr)/L, was significantly less than that followed by no treatment, 144 +/- 33 micromol(hr)/L (p = 0.03 by signed rank test).

CONCLUSIONS:

Magnesium hydroxide, administered 1 hour post-iron ingestion at an oral dose of 4.5 g per g elemental iron ingested, significantly reduced iron absorption during a 12-hour period following simulated mild iron overdose in healthy adult human volunteers.

PMID:
9862585
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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