Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
J Affect Disord. 1998 Sep;50(2-3):153-62.

The prevalence of major depressive and bipolar disorders in Hungary. Results from a national epidemiologic survey.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, The University of Haynal Imre Health Science, Budapest, Hungary.

Abstract

In order to estimate the prevalence of affective disorders in Hungary a sample of the Hungarian adult population (18-64 years) selected at random was interviewed using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) which generated DSM-III-R diagnoses. The lifetime rate for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) was 15.1%, and for Bipolar Disorders (BD) 5.1%. The female-to-male ratio was 2.7 for MDD and nearly equal for BD. The 1-year and 1-month period prevalence rates were 7.1% and 2.6% for MDD and 0.9% and 0.5% for manic episodes. A higher rate of divorced or separated persons was found among individuals with a lifetime diagnosis of MDD. Besides these, the lifetime diagnosis of BD coexisted with higher rates of the never-married state. The highest hazard rate for the development of BD or MDD was in the range 15-19 years but in MDD another peak was also found in the range 45-50 years. The first peak was characteristic of the recurrent, and the other one of the single form of MDD. Insomnia, loss of energy, decreased interest, concentration problems were the most common symptoms during the depressive episode, independent of polarity. Higher rates of lifetime diagnosis of dysthymia and all kinds of anxiety disorder were revealed among persons with MDD. BD was associated with GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder), and panic disorder more often than chance.

PMID:
9858075
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk