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Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1998 Jun;10(6):513-5.

Outcome of ulcerative colitis after treatment with transdermal nicotine.

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  • 1Gastroenterology Unit, S. Raffaele Hospital, University of Milan, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Transdermal nicotine appears to be of benefit in the short-term treatment of patients with ulcerative colitis. The aim of this study was to determine its long-term effects.

DESIGN:

A randomized, comparative study.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients with mild to moderate clinical relapses of left-sided ulcerative colitis during maintenance treatment with mesalamine 1 g b.i.d. were allocated to an additional treatment with either transdermal nicotine or prednisone for 5 weeks. The first consecutive 15 patients per group, with clinical and endoscopic signs of remission, were followed up for 6 months, while continuing mesalamine maintenance treatment.

RESULTS:

Relapses of active colitis were observed in 20% of patients formerly treated with nicotine and in 60% of patients in the prednisone group (P = 0.027). Relapses occurred earlier in the latter group.

CONCLUSION:

Our results confirm that nicotine is useful in cases of ulcerative colitis with mild or moderate activity and suggest that remissions induced by nicotine may last longer than those obtained with oral corticosteroids.

PMID:
9855069
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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