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Surgery. 1998 Dec;124(6):1077-9; discussion 1079-80.

Endoscopic parathyroidectomy: report of an initial experience.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Pisa, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Preoperative localization of parathyroid lesions and intraoperative quick parathyroid hormone (PTH) assay have been proposed to minimize the extent of operation in primary hyperparathyroidism. To this purpose, endoscopic procedures have been introduced recently.

METHODS:

During a period of 13 months, 39 of 65 consecutive patients with primary hyperparathyroidism were selected for endoscopic parathyroidectomy on the basis of the following criteria: preoperative echographic diagnosis of a single adenoma, absence of nodular goiter, and no prior neck operations. Unilateral neck exploration and excision of the adenoma was performed through a gasless procedure combined with intraoperative PTH measurements. Mean follow-up after the operation was 7 months (range 1 to 13 months).

RESULTS:

Thirty-nine parathyroid adenomas were removed; the mean diameter was 21 mm (range 5 to 30 mm). The mean operative time was 65 minutes (range 30 to 180 minutes). In all cases PTH concentration decreased significantly. Patients who underwent endoscopic parathyroidectomy had less postoperative pain compared with patients who underwent conventional hemithyroidectomy. At follow-up, serum calcium and PTH levels were normal in all cases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Endoscopic parathyroidectomy proved to be a feasible surgical procedure that can be performed in an acceptable operative time with an excellent cosmetic result. The gasless approach avoided any emphysema.

PMID:
9854586
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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