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J Clin Invest. 1998 Dec 15;102(12):2146-55.

Host defense molecule polymorphisms influence the risk for immune-mediated complications in chronic granulomatous disease.

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  • 1Immunocompromised Host Section, Pediatric Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Abstract

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited disorder of phagocyte function in which defective superoxide production results in deficient microbicidal activity. CGD patients suffer from recurrent, life-threatening infections, and nearly half develop chronic gastrointestinal (GI) complications (colitis, gastric outlet obstruction, or perirectal abscess) and/or autoimmune/rheumatologic disorders (AIDs). To identify genetic modifiers of disease severity, we studied a cohort of 129 CGD patients, in whom seven candidate genes (myeloperoxidase [MPO], mannose binding lectin [MBL], Fcgamma receptors IIa, IIIa, IIIb, TNF-alpha, and IL-1 receptor antagonist), each containing a physiologically relevant polymorphism predicted to influence the host inflammatory response, were selected for analysis. Genotypes of MPO (P = 0.003) and FcgammaRIIIb (P = 0.007) were strongly associated with an increased risk for GI complications, while an FcgammaRIIa (P = 0.05) genotype was suggestive for an association. Patients with all three associated genotypes had the highest risk for GI complications (P < 0.0001). The risk of AIDs was strongly associated with variant alleles of MBL (P = 0.01) and weakly associated with an FcgammaRIIa genotype (P = 0.04). Patients with variant forms of both MBL and FcgammaRIIa had the highest risk of developing an AID (P = 0.003).

PMID:
9854050
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC509169
Free PMC Article
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