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Hinyokika Kiyo. 1998 Oct;44(10):739-42.

[Leiomyosarcoma of the prostate: report of two cases].

[Article in Japanese]

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  • 1Department of Urology, Mitsui Memorial Hospital.


We herein present two cases prostatic leiomyosarcoma. The first case was in a 45-year-old man who presented at our department with the chief complaints of pain on voiding and pollakisuria on November 13, 1996. Ultrasonography and computed tomographic (CT) scan revealed a prostatic tumor. A histological examination of biopsy specimens revealed leiomyosarcoma of the prostate. Total prostatectomy and partial cystectomy were performed. No adjuvant therapy was performed. He is still alive without disease 12 months after operation. The second case was in a 63-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital for treatment of a lung tumor and colon polyp on February 28, 1997. CT scans showed a large prostatic tumor and multiple tumors in the lung, liver and bilateral kidneys. He was referred to our department for evaluation of the prostatic tumor. A transrectal needle biopsy of the prostate for histological diagnosis revealed leiomyosarcoma. No treatment was performed and he died 3 months later. In addition, 57 cases of prostatic leiomyosarcoma collected from the Japanese literature are also reviewed.

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